What was the “bag and food” more than 2000 years ago? Recently, the team members of the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archeology excavated a tomb in the middle and late Western Han Dynasty in Huangquitou, Xi’an. The painted pottery and cylindrical grain pockets of Zhu Shuji Nian were unearthed, and hemp seeds, crickets, and millet were found.
According to Hu Chunhe, the person in charge of the tomb excavation, after more than 2,000 years, it can preserve more types of organic matter, which is relatively rare in archeological discoveries in the Guanzhong area of Shaanxi over the years. In the past, the storage utensils of the grain in the Han Dynasty tombs were mostly pottery storage utensils, and the grain was installed in a red beam bag.
It is understood that this time the excavation area located in the north of the south suburbs of Xi’an has exceeding 1,000 ancient tombs. The core areas of the excavation area are mainly tombs in the middle and late Western Han Dynasty, and a certain number of Tang Dynasty small and medium -sized tombs and Ming and Qing tombs are distributed. Combined with historical records and preliminary preliminary information on discovered data, the Han tombs in the area should be closely related to Du Ling during the Western Han Dynasty. The owner of the tomb is likely to be a noble or official who lives in Du Lingyi during his lifetime.
The tomb is located west of the middle of the entire excavation area. The shape is forming a brick room tomb with a long slope tomb. The plane is nail -shaped. Essence The top of the tomb collapsed in the early years, and the remains of wooden crickets were residial on the east, west, and north walls at the bottom. The initial identification of the tree species was cypress wood. At present, the wood sampling and protection protection treatment of wood has been completed. The tomb was severely stolen, and the stolen hole was cleaned out of the dental tube decoration, jade eye barrier, jade pig grip and other utensils.
The ears are located on the east and west walls of the northern end of the tomb, both of which are brick structures. The east -side ear chamber is currently cleaned, and a wedge -shaped brick is used. The internal relics can be divided into three parts according to the preservation form. The inner inner side of the ear chamber is a canned and primitive porcelain tank utensils. Some utensils are stored in the mouth of the fabric. The overall coverage is preserved; the cylindrical grain pockets stacked side by side in the middle of the ear room. The samples currently extracted were identified by experts: marijuana, crickets, and millet. The fabric is bundled in a “rich” shape; the outermost side of the ear chamber is a multi -row of open -shaped round pockets. The mouth of the bag is folded, and some brown residues can be seen on the inner side. The nature needs to be further tested and analyzed.
According to the on -site situation, a layer of straw mats should be laid on the ground floor, all utensils are placed on it.
In the next step, in response to the earlier that has not been opened on the west side, archeologists plan to adopt technical means of environmental monitoring, on -site cultural relics protection and three -dimensional data collection in parallel to extract cultural relics information in multiple angles and comprehensive aspects, and conduct related research.
Author: Reporter Qin Yi
Source: China Culture News