湃 新 记 李 梅

In the landscape of “Small Bridge Water Suspension in Jiangnan Water”, the bridge is an indispensable artistic element.

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“Retaining the Ancient Town” series of “新闻 新闻 镇” reported in this period is the “Jiangnan First Bridge Towns” in Shanghai Jinze Town. This is the most edge of Shanghai Xijiao and Jiangsu Zhouzhuang, Zhejiang Xitang, etc. Before Jinze, “Temple Temple has a bridge, Qiaodong has a temple” is to hear the most popular sayings about her. Into the ancient town, I found out that there is a kind of true water-rich nature of the true water, outside the bridge temple, memory of the original water town, the warm and secluded ancient town street, the simple, the original resident, the time seems to be stationary generally.

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From the Shanghai Administrative Region Map, although Jinze is located at the bottom of the western suburbs, Jin Ze is in the core area in the layout of the ecological green integrated development demonstration zone in the long run. Wu Jianfang, Party Committee, Jinze Town, said to the news: “Under the promotion of the ecological green integrated development demonstration zone in the Yangtze River Triangle, the current Jinze, is to create a ‘Westvo Children’s Center and the Jiangnan Water Township Living Room as an opportunity, gathering Create a world-class waters in civilization. “

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Jin Zegu Town Yingxiang Bridge

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This is currently the journalist in the “retaining ancient town” visiting, a rare and quiet, uncomfortable, quiet, and suitable for ancient town. There are no commercial facilities that are not seen in the ancient town of the streets, and there is no “cattle” to attract tourists around the tourists. There is no crowded crowd. Occasionally visible old man sitting at home snoring or gossip, workers who went far away, returning to women in the river … or the most real portrayal of this ancient town.

Jinze Ancient Town is full of life, water town ancient town

The old man who is snoring at the doorstep in King Zegu Town

It’s hard to turn through the bridge to find a small restaurant, sitting in the river, is preparing to put down the phone, look at the bridge covered by the green waves on the bridge of the bridge, but unknowingly, a woman who is being washed, there is a woman Nothing talked.

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“In fact, we have a house in the urban area, but I still like it here. I bought a house in the past few years. I feel sometimes sitting by the river, look at the water, look at the bridge, blow the wind, life is more suitable for the city. Chen Aunt said.

Such a life is really envious, in the face of Jin Ze Guzhen, the original ecological bridge, and the idea of ​​the Jiangnan life is almost all.

Jin Zegu called the white mines, and there were many lakes in the territory, the soil fertile, the irrigation was convenient, “Jiangnan General” has “穑人 获 获 金 金” The name “Golden Stone”, there is also this place for the water town Zemu, and the fish rice gold, so it is called “Jinze”. Jinzejian Town has tracered to the Northern Song Dynasty. According to “Jinze Xiaozhi” record, Jinze Song Song, Xiuxi Huating County, Song Qingyuan, with Huaying County, Jiaxingfeng. At the Yuan Dynasty, Hunting County was upgraded to Huat Tingfu, and the Huan Tingfu was abolished, and Jin Ze was returned to the river, which was Zhejiang Jiaxing Road. In the 21st year of Ming Jiajing, there were some regions of Huating County and Shanghai County, and the new Pu County, Jinze Town has always belonged to Qingpu.

Bioli on blue waves in Jindao

In 1958, in order to implement the planned economy, Qingpu County was allocated to Shanghai municipality and as a result of the food self-sufficiency in Shanghai in Agriculture County. And Jinze Town is convenient, with Shanghai’s largest freshwater lake – Lake, Lake, Lake, has become an important aquatic supply base in Shanghai. In 2014, it was announced as the sixth batch of Chinese historical and cultural names.

The historic Jinze is the largest ancient town in the Shanghai area, and there are 21 existing ancient bridge in the town. It gathers Puji Bridge, Yingxiang Bridge, release bridge and wishful bridge in the length of less than 400 meters in Jinze Tang. The ancient bridges of Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasty are praised as “Guqiao Museum”, “Jiangnan Bridge”. Although these ancient bridges have long been a long time, most of them are preserved in time, in which the Yingxiang Bridge is a typical example. The bridge is built in the primary generation, a five-cross-routine bridge, a brick, water grinding brick, Nanmu, and bluestone mixed structure, not only has a very high history, art, scientific value, but also being contemporary bridge Experts call the nasal ancestors of “continuous bridge” Liangqiao. In 1959, Yingxiang Bridge was published as the first batch of cultural relics protection units in Qingpu County. At that time, its shadow also mused on the “People’s Pictorial” and showed the world.

Welcome bridge

Yingxiangqiao Qing brick bridge

In the 1970s, Yingxiang Bridge was hit by the agricultural boat, and the bridge shot was broken. When repairing, it used cement concrete to turn the column, and the triangular iron scissors, improper method, the cultural relics and ancient bridges were degraded. In the mid-1990s, Mr. Tang Rancheng, a famous bridge expert, is a “Chinese Science and Technology History (Bridge Volume)”, which has been specially visited from Wuhan to Jinze, and does not care about his height, and a drill into the bridge hole. Out, I have been careless, like a wooden beam, like a major discovery, I am shouting: “Nanmu, Nanmu, fruit is nanmu! It is really rare. This bridge does not use Nanmu, I am afraid it. Save not now. “

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Nanmu Muji under the Yingxiang Bridge

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In 2015, when the Welcome Bridge was repaired, modern detection technology was used to fully understand the disease. The wooden beams found in the survey, the stone columns and the stone beam are differentially deformed, and the surface layer bricks are irregular sinks. The construction personnel are underwater, and Nanmu Liang is refurbished and anti-corrosion protection; with a fir Pine beams, warpy cypress beams; bricks are re-laying after cleaning … Thin shock, like Changhong lying.

Welcome bridge far from far away

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Every ancient bridge in Jinden has its own characteristics, but most of them are related to the temple. Jinze in history, is a big town in the Taihu Basin, and since the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The merchants have frequent, and there are many temples, and the incense is prosperous. According to “Jinxi Zhi” recorded in 1897, there were 42 temples in Jin Ze Guzhen, the highest peak, and built in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, most of the Song Yuanming, the scale and quantity rare in the Jiangnan area. According to Ming Dynasty, Gu Boyi wrote the “Tibetary Hall”: “Jinzeo Buddha, 42 Hongqiao, Bridge has a temple, supplying Saint.” It can be said that “Bridge Bridge has a temple, temple temple has a bridge, and the bridge temple is a biggest point in Jinden Town. Regrettably, through the historical changes, the style of Damu Miao Temple in Kingze has no longer exists. At present, I only see the total pipe bridgehead and the total tube temple is mapped to Jinden “Bridge Temple”.

The “1930 Jinden Town Bridge Temple”

Fortunately, it is not very eye-catching in one of more than 100 years of history, but it is still seen in the “1930 Jintang Town Bridge Temple”, which is the owner of the old house. Wang Jianjin drawn in the 1990s. As can be seen from the picture, along the Jinze Town City River, from top to bottom, Wanan Tingqiao has a wealth of God, the Puji Bridge in the Song Dynasty has a temple in the Temple, and there is a total management temple in the corner of the release bridge. On the side of the Yingxiang Bridge is the ruins of Wanshou … These bridge temples are built in the Song Dynasty, and there are some new buildings in the Yuan Dynasty, or the reconstruction of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Wang Jianjin “1930 Jinze Temple Sketch”

“This sketch is painted in May 1992, before this, before, there was a” 1930 Jinden Temple “.” Wang Jianjin’s son Wang Zhengwei pointed to the two sketches on the right. Introduction to the news said that “the father of the father’s life and literature and the study of the book was invited to participate in the work of Jin Zhizhi. In addition to the historical monuments of the ancient town, he also made the handicraft business outlets for Jinsawa, 1930s. Of fine depiction. “

Wang Jianjin, old master, Wang Jianjin

Wang Jianjin “Jinze Town Historical Place and Handicraft Business Network (1930-1937) Sketch”

In the “1930 Jinden Town Bridge Temple”, in addition to the temples crossing the river, the most striking is located in the center of the Hao Hao Temple, the temple is from the Dashan Gate to the temple bridge, almost It takes half a half of Jinden Town. In the first year of Song Jian Ding Temple, Yao Hao Temple was built into the first year of Southern Song Dynasty. After the House of Shidu returned to the old festival fee, the transformation of the hall, and the magemaster was hosted. Yuan Zhai Yuan twenty-five years, Rui Xin Raise the University of Xiongao Temple, Mountain Gate, Two, Shiji, “Building Gallo Room, Dangui, Like a Hongli, the incense lamp,” Yuan Yue first year, A purpose of the hospital is a temple, renamed “Yao Hao Temple”. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the Yao Hao Temple was in the military, and it was repeatedly built. From the sketch, the Hao Hao Temple in 1930, although the big mountains in the lower left corner have been destroyed, but the big mountain gate, the Jin Gang Temple, the Temple, Xiangfei Hall, the watchtock, and the clouds and other temples are still in history. There is a launch of it.

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In 1938, most of the Nihao Temple was destroyed in the Japanese army, only the Temple of the Tiens, the big mountain gate. In 1958, the Temple floor remains were dismantled, only a few cultural relics such as “颐 禅 禅 寺” stone monument. In July 1992, it was officially opened to Buddhist activity, and he was rebuilt in the Guanyin Temple, Shanmen, and Yu House and other temple buildings, covering an area of ​​4332 square meters, with a building area of ​​more than 1,000 square meters. Zhao Puchu, president of the Zhong Wen Buddhist Association, Temple “禅 禅 寺”.

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Ginkgo in the 颐 浩 禅 寺

Today, step into the Hao Temple, jumping into the eye, a ancient ginkgo tree, the tall tall tree, the omissiture of the tree, let the author I associate a few autumn and winter time in Beijing West Asia Appreciating the scene of ancient ginkgo: That is a nine hundred years old, the bright ginkgo leaf of Ming Yellow is full of ancient gardies, and the high height branch is stretched around, and the red wall gray tile, the Zen Hall of the Zen Hall For the autumn and winter time, Beijing Xishan built a bisqual beauty … perhaps the time did not arrive, perhaps the lack of environmental rendering, the ginkgo, the ginkgo, the ginkbear, is not as good as the Temple However, the trunk of the clouds, stretching the branches, the glowing apricot leaves, still like a green velvet big umbrella, don’t feel a refreshing, ethereal beauty.

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“This ginkgo tree is already more than 700 years here.” The Changzong Master of the Temple Temple said to the news introduction, “At the beginning of the Yuan, the Western Gao Shuang Ben Niabern heard that the Jinze Temple The reputation, so it is not far from the Jinze Buddhist door to Jinden Buddha. At that time, two ginkgo trees were in front of the Temple, for male fruit trees, another species in Hexi, for female fruit trees, two trees The river is looking forward, people call the husband and wife, the fruit of the female tree, the fruit is fragrant. Unfortunately, the female tree of Hexi is saw in the Republic of China. I heard that it is transferred as civilian, and later this is the people of Jinze. Pity.”

Ginkgo information on the Temple of the Hao Temple in the late autumn season

As the Jiangnan famous brake, Since Qing, the Yao Zhan Temple not only attracts the Western sorghum of the far away, many celebrities have a parking lottery, and left a lot of painting and calligraphy ink and the poetry. Yuan Dynasty painting and calligraphy, Zhao Mengfu and lady’s pipeline (Qingpu small steaming people) all believe in Buddhism, communicating with the monks in the temple, Zhao Shuangfeng and still teacher, Zhao is the “Yunfeng” of the mountain gate, for the topic of Baoyuan ” Because the stone carving pattern is a continuous cloud, it is a blue stone and uses a high relief form. Regrettably, the Nursa Temple in the Republic of China has been killed, and the stone carving part of “continuous cloud” is damaged.

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The lady of Zhao Mengfu is also a famous calligraphy, written in the temple “Great Compassion”. Dong Qichang, a book and painter in the late Ming, and Wen Zhen Meng also have a “ice pot” and “truncated flyer” in the temple. During the Wanli year, the world is steamed, the official to the court, the first auxiliary, the first auxiliary of the court will be the robe of the robe and the Tang Dynasty painter Wu Dazi “Guanyin Temple” gifts, the temple is designed. …… According to the records, there are 28 inscriptions of 15 parties and plaques written in the temple, which can be described as Mo Baoyu.

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In addition to painting and calligraphy, the Ling Yunqi, who is one of the eight scenes of the Song Hao Temple, wrote: “Why is the CHE, 巍然 出 出. Bin Lord is mutual, a list of nine peaks.” Ming Dynasty Wujin people, essay family Tang Shunzhi (1507-1560) has been “Jinzhi Temple” poem: “Southeast giant leaching five lakes deep, the ancient temple is a boat is in the evening, the passenger is in the mountains, and the brilliant sun is in the morning. The fireworks three temples, full of miles. The disciples should not know that Yu Xing, Yue Ming also joined the dragon. “The Hao Zen Temple is one of the Jinden eight scenes, the Qing Dynasty Jin Zeng Chen Ziyou has poetry:

“Yunfeng towering, the ruins often fly the horned sound. The moon is still in the ancient temple, Xia Feng to the cold forest. Strong Lingyuyuan is like the past, there is still the same day. Broken, one day frost white arrssion. “

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The Yuan Dynasty, the Yu Hao Temple, Zhao Mengfu “continuous cloud” stone carving (local)

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The Yuan Dynasty of the Temple of the Hao Hao Temple “continuous cloud” stone carving (partial)

“Poetry can pass the mouth, but these Mo Bao names are damaged or lost in the war and the times. The only visible only of the ginkgo tree is stored in the right side of the ginkgo.” Changzong Master is awkward News said, “This set of stone engraving is the stone guardrail surrounded by the Goldfish pool of Yaohao Temple. The temple of the Republic of China was warmed, the goldfish pool was destroyed, and the stone carving also broke. After liberation, these stone carvings have been placed in the wall Later, the local letter will survive the cloud stone to the cloud stone, and after the repair is remembered. “

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In addition to the temple garden, the existing people in Jinze is also very large. Unlike the ancient deep houses in the ancient Huizhou Xijia, Hongze’s old house, Jinden’s old house is basically the Jiangnan residence of the white wall. These appearances are not amazing, and there are nearly a hundred years of historical residential and previous “retaining ancient towns” visiting Songjiang Cangcheng, the ancient town of Qi Fu, etc. Aboriginal big hunter. If the town is registered as a non-movable cultural relics, Xujia Hall, etc., all have a hundred-year old house living in their future generations.

Jin Zegu Town

The Wang House and most of the similar are the same, the old homes are insufficient, and there is a bit of dark, the sofa placed at the hall, and the old-fashioned furniture and other life debris make the original narrow space more crowded. . When the news reporter came to the Wang’s house, it was already arrived at noon, and the Wang’s postman was busy cooking. See someone came in, I learned that the media interviewed, the two old people were hospitalized after a previous one. In the guidance of the elderly, the reporter found that the construction of the old house is a typical Jiangnan Fuyu people: the residence is a second-storey building, there is a patio, small and exquisite; there is a two-storey building behind, the following is a main hall, then The “Yongsheng Tang” of “Jiaqing No.1 Years” is hung in the middle of the wall, and the first six sectors of the hall is open; the living room is the room, the wings and the living room in the latter garden. “You will look at it carefully, the six fans in front of the inquiry hall are decorated with seashells …” The old man said proudly.

Jinze Wang’s house is in the scene introduction.

Compared with the fireworks of the fellowship, Xujia Hall as an unmovable cultural relic is a bit silence. Xu Jia Hao door is open, and visitors can visit and go. I saw that the building has become increasing, and I don’t see the flying corner of the instrument house cover, only from the stone door frame. Piles of household debris in the hall, but from the underground bricks and smear sculptures can also see the bright morning and elegant image. Xujia Hall is still living in the future generations. The reporter is looking for the day, a grandmother about eight or ninety-year-old grandmother is sitting alone in the house, the reporter can’t bear to disturb, sweep the patio and hall behind the lobby, and hurriedly left. .

Zhu Mingjuan, general manager of Jinze Town Tourism Company, said that the protection is the first for the ancient buildings of such irrable cultural relics.

On the main block of the ancient town, Shangtang Street and Xiaotang Street, the journalist saw that some old houses that were not included in the cultural relics were carefully repaired.

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“For Jin Ze Guzhen, our current work is to develop in protection. In the near future, the ancient town will launch a comprehensive environmental rectification of the public space and the 颐 禅 禅 寺 寺 寺 寺 镇 建 建 建 建 地 地 环境 环境 环境 环境Protection and reuse, although there is no more excellent protection and utilization case, in the starting stage, we will rely on the repair and utilization of the protection of architecture to create a number of key projects, and launch the protection and utilization of the ancient town. “Jinze Town Tourism Company General Manager Zhu Xuan said, “First, we must strengthen the update and utilization of traditional commercial streets in Jin Zetang and Beichengbang, and repair the traditional special shop, and set tourists at the junction of Jin Zetang and Jincheng Road. The center is a convenience of providing foreign tourists; the other is to create innovative protection and utilization for traditional homes. For example, develop a special ancient town high-end budget, repair recovery of a hundred years of metamorphia, using Tang Jia Hall to build a residential museum, and build Xu Chongde Memorial Hall. “

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Jin Ze Guzhen Ziyuan, which is repairing

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From the Shanghai Administrative Region Map, although Kimazawa is located the most edge of the western suburbs, Jin Ze is in the core area in the layout of the ecological green integrated development demonstration zone in the long run. On November 1, 2019, the long-term ecological green integrated development demonstration zone was officially unveiled. The scope of the demonstration area includes Shanghai Qingpu District, Jiangsu Province, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Jiashan County, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, with an area of ​​about 2300 square kilometers. At the same time, five towns were selected in the three districts and counties as the first launch area, with an area of ​​about 660 square kilometers. Among them, the Shanghai sections involved Qingpu’s Jinze Town, Zhujiajiao Town, Jiangsu part involved Wujiang’s Lei Town, Zhejiang part involved Jiashan Xitang Town, Yazhuang Town.

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Kim Ze Guzhen surrounding water scenery

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In just one year, with the creation of the ecological landscape of the lake in the demonstration area, the end of the “Eastern Airlines-Kangli Avenue Intercontinuous Road”, the operation of the Long Triangle Smart Internet Hospital, a batch of high-tech Innovative industries, the innovative industrial chains of the exemplary zone is more perfect. In August 2020, at the Development Demonstration Zone Development Demonstration Zone Development Demonstration Zone Development Demonstration Zone, the international collection of sectors in the Demonstration Zone Jiangnan Water Township. “Water-township living room is based on the origin of the long triangle, and the three places to build a” Jiangnan Courtyard, Water-Township Living Room “, the” Jiangnan Courtyard, Water Tree Living Room “, a Centralized Practice, and Demonstration City, Centralized Practice and Demonstration City. The development concept of, regional sharing. Shape the ‘Water Tree Living Room’ to further improve the display, demonstration, exploration of the demonstration zone. “Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Professor Duan in Southeast University in this long triangle ecological green integrated development demonstration The district developer conference is said.

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It is understood that the water-seeking room is located in the junction of Su Zhejiang and Shanghai, with an area of ​​approximately 35 square kilometers. The space includes the center of the Yangtze River triangle, Jinze, Li Li, Xitang, Yazhuang four towns. “The area is currently uncomment, not smooth.” Duan Jin admires, “To this end, the water-seeking room must be integrated, high quality construction as the goal, and become the practice of ecological green high-quality development, cross-border integration innovation Leading the exhibition area, the world-class water-growing people’s top-level leading area. “How to implement these goals? He said that the first water town will have to inherit the cultural characteristics. The region is also a Jiangnan cultural circle, and it is necessary to show the cultural characteristics of Jiangnan – freely split, simple and elegant, but also to show the image of regional architectural cultural image – powder wall DV, Xiaoqiao flowing people, etc.

“Under the promotion of the ecological green integrated development demonstration zone of the Yangtze River Delta, the current Jinze, is to build a ‘Xushu Chuang Center and the Jiangnan Water Township Living Room as an opportunity, gathering to build a world-class watercutive people’s civilization model of Jinze Model. “Jinze Town Party Committee, Wu Jianfang said to the news,” At the same time, Jinze Town is also created through the full efforts of the happiness community, let the villagers share the achievements of the community governance, create high quality life for the villagers, to meet everyone’s happiness The year of life. “

I saw the journalist in Jinze Town East and Western Happiness Community Center, in three-sided loop, water system four-way eight-year-old, river water bluebooli, open administrative office, open library and reading area, common tool rental The cabinet … not only pulled into the distance between the village committee and the villagers, but also provided practical support for grassroots social governance innovation. “Since the completion of the Xingfu Community Center, the villagers have gradually become accustomed to the convenience and happiness of this side. In this process, they also enhance the feelings and happiness of the villagers.” Jinzhidong Xucun Village Branch Summer San Site introduced.

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Jinden Town East and West Happiness Community Center

Arthound in the transformation

Art center of three-sided ring water

Dongxi Village Art Center site, Jinze Town Party Committee Wu Jianfang (middle), Jinze Town Tourism Company General Manager Zhuangjuan (left)

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Not only the village committee turned into a happiness station, next to the Western and Western Community Center, the previous old factory is also gorgeous “turning”, is being transformed into the Art Center. Responsible for the Dongxi Village Art Center, Dou Hao, who had been painted in Shanghai. For the transfer to Dongxi Village, he frankly he saw the long-awaited water-water environment, especially suitable for the traditional cultural and promotion and promotion of him.

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“I used to enter an era from the perspective of contemporary art. After these years of precipitation, now we are looking for yourself in traditional culture, re-understanding yourself.” Dou Hong Kong said, “The Way, the Art Center will be completed. Future We will be an art space such as ancient Qun, Colleans and Contemporary Art. Among them, this is ancient Qun, and we will open an ancient Qin Qi Qi Qi, etc.

In Jinden Ancient Town, because of the Jiangnan atmosphere here, the traditional culture of the traditional culture is also well-known artic arts.

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Since its establishment in 2002, Jinze Process is based on the geography characteristics of the ancient town, and the old factory is repaired, creating a spatial image of a water township and Jiangnan garden staggered fusion. In the process of the process agency, bamboo shadow shakes, the trees, the pavilion of the water, and the landscape of the ancient town in the opposite shore. Here, there is already an old-class, closing, tens of thousands of square meters of ugly, textile, glazes, lacquer, purple pottery, antiquity, ceramics, pastries, etc. for designers and members, etc. The workshop of the learner, as well as the study, tour and accommodation facilities.

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Jinze Process Office

Jinze Craft Society exhibited by Jizhou kiln cutup

Jinden Craft Society

“Jinze Crafts Co., Ltd. has only changed some, there are many work to do, this name is very low, but it contains a huge feeling. The position of Jinze Process is the literati culture that is carried in the traditional process. Make these arts that reflect our national spirit, can be inherited, and carry forward the game. Ma Ning’s head of the Jinden Process, “In the future, we also hope that in the process of ecological green integration in the long run, cultural art The field contributed a force. “

When leaving Jinze, the driving is not far is the lakeside of St. Lake, oblique in dusk, looks at Jinze, and always feels some warm than.

Editor in charge: Chen Ruozhen

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Author: 梦

Jin Zegu Town

Jin Zegu Town

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Jin Zegu Town

Jin Zegu Town