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从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

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Qin Shuo | attention paper

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从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

Qin told a teacher personally, welcome to listen to the audio version

“China has still not produce a qualified nail clippers, nail clippers sold in our shop are all imported from Japan Korea.”

Life was good, founder of a collection of shops listed on the NYSE, I read the article I wrote in praise of Chinese-made, so to my feedback. They have more than 4,000 stores, young people love shopping.

Say China in the “nuclear high base” and the world’s advanced level in terms of a gap, I believe. Chinese say that even a qualified nail clippers are out of production, killed I do not believe.

Small nail clippers caught my interest, with the deepening of the interview unfold and understanding, accidentally discovered a lot of things, really “cut, and chaotic, is not a good feeling in their hearts.”

Not stingy small

1997 October 27, Zhu Rongji, Vice Premier of the State Council met with representatives of the Fifth National Light collective enterprise workers’ congress, suddenly come up with three handsome in appearance, exquisite sharp nail clippers, said that Taiwan businessmen to send , so that delegates Biography.

“To find a way out pegged gap in the market, such as nail clippers, we produce cut two days to cut the nails does not move, so much strength also helpless.”

After more than six months, Zhongshan, Guangdong a package of small business owners in a debris on the newspapers, see this “nail clippers saying” reports that the Prime Minister is concerned about nail clippers, “was not a small little things”, there must be opportunities , then traveled four domestic research and found that only five nail clippers “giants” – Tianjin “Heaven” brand, Beijing “Beijing” plate, Guangzhou, “555” brand, Shanghai “double arrow” brand, Suzhou, “Shining” brand – are on the verge of collapse, other than the production of nail clippers 20 state-owned enterprises have also stalled. Nail clippers production of the main flow of the self-employed, then enter the sales cycle through small commodity wholesale market.

Entrepreneurs about this man named Liangbo Jiang’s how “very stingy” nail clippers market, innovation and research and development, to make the brand, I had become very famous from business owners, not the focus of this article.

I want to say is, stingy simple, there are a major problem.

It is said that Zhu Rongji to visit Germany Shihai used “Zwilling” nail clippers, like, use their own money to their staff members to buy a few as souvenirs, German said to be “Zhu nail clippers.” This story attracted a lot of Chinese tourists to Germany to buy nail clippers. After Liangbo Jiang made the brand nail clippers St. Paul, Zhu Rongji spoke highly of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs also presented the foreign guests as a gift.

This is the story of 20 years ago. China National Hardware Association leaders have talked about changes in nail clipper. The last century before the 1990s, tweezers, nail clippers and pig, knives, scissors and other mixed sales, classified as “household hardware.” After 90 years, the urban white-collar workers no longer put it simply regarded as “tools of nails,” it away from a pig tweezers “ethnic group” into personal care products, beauty product and dance. Some nail clippers prices are high, like “Zwilling” nail clippers import, sell a thousand dollars or even two or three thousand yuan each, and worth a color TV and air conditioning.

Economists are also concerned about nail clippers. In 2010, the vice president of China Society of Economic Reform Song Xiaowu say, 15 years ago, a relative brought back from Japan as nail clippers small gift, the price was 300 yen, is still used now home to the best use of a nail clipper . Later, the road used local nail scissors do not know how many, life can basically no more than 2 years. To produce the same with about 100 grams of steel products the same function, to create Japan’s conservative estimate of the value of 30 years of use, the domestic has become to be less than 2 years to recover the waste basket. 100 g steel processing is almost the same energy consumption, but practical value is a difference generated N times, thus leading to repetitive also consumed N times, striking derived waste and pollution.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

Small nail scissors, which economists see the efficiency of resource allocation.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

What gap

In order to clarify the problem of nail clippers, I interviewed Liangbo Jiang. He told me, nail clippers market size is not large, China has about 2.5 to 3 billion yuan, is the world’s 70-8000000000. Allen is best known for high-end and in China, it was in the past few years about 200 million.

I asked: “China really do not produce qualified nail clippers, can only be imported from South Korea to Japan?”

He said that of course not, but China should produce a good nail clippers, there are some problems.

The first is steel.

St. Paul used nail clippers carbon steel imported from Japan. The reason is that Chinese steel production tolerance range is too large, that is, the carbon content of the span is too large, and the tolerance level Japanese steel double the difference. Since the carbon content of the steel is not the same for each reel, when hardening heat treatment, the problem occurs uneven hardness. Although it is a very subtle change, but stability is not the same product.

The second aspect is the heat, the gap is not that aspects of the process.

The third aspect is the quality of staff.

Most of our workers are “feet on the field”, in the manufacture of judgment, awareness aspect is not high enough, not precise enough, and some Japanese engineers are the equivalent of the grass-roots workers. Before sweeping enterprise in China cleaners, I asked her to clean toilets at a higher standard to be clean it, she would say, “This is my living room than the toilet also clean.” There is a gap of perceived quality standards.

The fourth aspect is the industry’s low barriers to entry, the Red Sea competition, low-cost competition.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

China stresses “cheap”, but inexpensive sources often squeeze costs from the production, faiths, and to ensure that poor quality, able to squeeze costs minimal. So most “affordable” is a false proposition, in fact, cut corners, instead of good material with low-quality material. China has more than 500 years ago, nail clippers manufacturers, most of them are low, low price, the market can accept, but the good stuff is not easy.

“Not one aspect of the problem, the problem is the system.” Liangbo Jiang said.

Steel issues

In Liangbo Jiang view, the biggest problem is a steel nail clippers. China is the world’s first steel-producing countries in 2020 produced 888 million tons of pig iron, crude steel 1.035 billion tons, 1.325 billion tons of steel.

China’s steel output exceeds the sum of the production world ranking second to tenth country.

I know that there is a gap in the Chinese special steel connection, but is it a good production of steel nail clippers must import it?

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

I began to interview questions and steel-related.

Zhejiang Zhenshi Group Eastern Special Steel Company general manager Liu Asian steel expert, graduated from the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology, worked at the Swedish steel company. He said to me, the key to the production of nail clippers, control accuracy problems processing the carbon content of steel, which steel and related components, and processing should also be relevant. He has not studied nail clippers steel, bearing steel of his “Steel King” is more familiar. Swedish SKF company is one of the leaders of bearing steel, has a unique technology in the processing of non-metallic inclusions. Bearing in turn has been the strength of anti-fatigue requires very high, which place if there is inclusion, first of all will crack from here, leading to bearing life cycle becomes shorter. SKF bearing steel oxygen content can already do almost zero, so there is no question of inclusion.

The question then Chinese bearing steel What? Asia Liu said that the main problem is not production equipment, the Swedish equipment is not advanced, very old, but the experience is enough, there are some processes, they do not say you can not do this, do not say you can do it.

This is the know-how (Know-how).

The Chinese steel mainly in the amount of walking stage, are large-scale production, it is difficult to control the accuracy of the carbon content, because if carefully controlled, the speed will slow down, production will decline. And we seek is fast, large yield. Eastern Special Steel bearing steel to special order SKF, six months to a year before delivery. So slow unthinkable in the country, the country is to make quick money, a chance to discover fast on the amount of expansion. But things precision, such as bearing steel, steel hydraulic valve steel, steel rolling equipment, etc., to the working slowly and deliberately.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

“Large quantities of product we can, but the bulk of small, high-precision requirements of the species, we would not rely on imports.” Liu said Asia.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

Aoyama stainless steel is in the field of world-class companies. Its founder items light up the view is like a steel nail clippers China certainly can do it, will not be so difficult, the problem is too small to yield, from an economic point of view, “not economic”, so no company willing to do it .

So why foreign companies are willing to do it? They exist because of the long period of time, the accumulation of customers all over the world, although a single customer with less, but add up demand is not small, economies of scale in line with the law.

“More importantly, we still lack business sense to do long-term intention of Industry, likes to make easy money, big money, to play the financial, Shen less than heart to do research and development. Some specialty steel research and development, to 5 years, 7 years to bear fruit for such a long period of R & D investment, a lot of companies to give up. “

Item LIDAR said.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

Jianlong Iron and Steel, founder of Zhangwei Xiang says he does not believe that rely on imports of steel nail clippers. Because harder than steel nail clippers bearing steel, high temperature, high pressure and corrosion of various domestic levels are coming up, like a car, the price of automobile steel bearing 300,000 yuan can be made in China. He believes that the problem is too small steel nail clippers, ten tons twenty tons is not worth doing, but some foreign companies, whether equipment or process is more suitable for such small quantities of steel.

Talk about steel nib

Now comes the special steel bearing steel, I further wanted to know is that Chinese enterprises in this regard can not break?

Light up items introduced me to interview Green Tinto Graduate School of the Yangtze River to the beads. He is a materials engineering doctoral Finland Helsinki University of Technology, worked in well-known Chinese and foreign steel companies have done research and development, but also members of the Society of steel inclusions Academic Committee of Chinese Society for Metals. He ballpoint pen tip of steel, for example, explained to me, where is the gap between China and the world’s.

Steel nib famous, because January 4, 2016 in Taiyuan Li Keqiang chaired a coal iron and steel industry to resolve excess capacity, said the turnaround to achieve development forum, “we do not have the ability to produce mold steel, including ’round the head of a ballpoint pen Pearl ‘, still need to import. “

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

Li Keqiang talked about the reason why steel nib, from 2015, China Writing Instrument Association WANG Shu-qin write to him, hoping to “face the industry status quo, but also know our own shortcomings and where the problem.” Traced back farther, was in July 2010 when a research group to CPPCC Zhejiang and Shanghai survey found that Chinese annual output of 38 billion ballpoint pens, accounting for 80% of global, but written more than 90 percent are imported. This leads to the so-called “pen problem.”

Pearl River to say that my pen manufacturer engaged in the most simple assembly, for a long period of time, precision machinery and pens core material in the domestic blank key components, such as ball-point pen written materials, written production equipment, ink and other part of the production lies in Switzerland, Germany, Japan and other hands. Chinese demand for steel nib year nearly 2,000 tons of materials imported from Japan accounted for more than 80%, mainly in Japan and Village Akiyama Seiko two. Steel tip processing and the bullet tip mainly two types Hulu, Hulu processing more difficult, because it is a smaller outer diameter.

In order to give tens of billions of ballpoint pens placement of “Chinese written” China in 2011 “pen industry key materials and preparation technology R & D and industrialization” into the national scientific and technological support key projects, scientific and technological research. The main component of the material is an imitation of the Japanese system. 2015, a small amount of product into the market test, but the results show that users in Japan written material adverse processing rate millionths of domestic material defect rate in one-thousandth of the level of incipient failure even reach 2% -3%. Huge gap in performance led to market share of domestic steel nib less than 20%.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

In the context of innovation, often you can see the “Chinese enterprises break through the” exciting reports. But the truth, as the case may be the tip of the steel, domestic companies do break through, but the market share is very low, has not shaken the advantages of foreign enterprises, but better than nothing nothing.

Why is it so difficult to break through?

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

Made in China has been a breakthrough, and why there are many truly world-class gap?

To nib steel, for example, Jiang pointed to beads,

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

First, the gap between the core technology and performance.

Steel tip and related technologies include super ferritic stainless steel base alloy design and cutting element design phase, steel smelting and casting techniques, the uniformity of the distribution of the phase cutting control, hot-rolled plate, drawing and heat treatment and other organizational uniformity control technology, surface quality precision control technology, its development and production processes are varieties of the Japanese company’s core secrets. Nib steel excellent cutting performance requirements, the amount of ink stability, good corrosion resistance and abrasion resistance, to competition between companies that without changing the tool on a continuous automatic machine, turning and drilling time and surface finish. At present, domestic and imported steel tip material still present in the continuous turning, drilling and other technical indicators larger time gap, about 70% of the level of imported materials, poor surface finish and surface quality of individual manufacturers, but is less stable than imports Material.

The second reason is a long industrial chain.

Japanese exports to the Chinese market is the length of 11.7mm, an outer diameter of the cutting different materials, on the one hand from the cutting tip blank feeding multiple processing steps, long processing cycle, additionally also considered to prevent leaks. The currently mainstream press processing step, starting from 6.5mm stainless steel wire, to go through three annealing, more than three times the drawing process, the processing cycle in 15 days. Written later sent to the processing enterprises, each Mikron production capacity and other production equipment in the 60-70 kg, even after cleaning, screening and quality control and other processes, after assembling enterprises should ballpoint pen ink leakage by centrifugation test and writing test day experiment. New products and new technology research and development, often need to wait six months to confirm the final small customer results.

The third reason is the Mikron equipment processing parameters.

At present, all processing enterprises in the process of debugging parameters are written in accordance with the characteristics of the material to adapt to Japan, need to be adjusted according to the actual situation on the machine-made materials, precision machining and surface otherwise fail to meet requirements. Based on preconceived judgments and workers for inert instinct, I wondered domestic test material cutting not. And domestic manufacturers of complex machining written in terms of interests, needs particularly urgent or not cost the boss is very familiar with the manufacturers of processing parameters, it is difficult to objectively recognize and promote the use of domestic materials.

The fourth reason is to imitate the Japanese material formula.

The pen tip steel must use a lot of special trace elements to adjust the steel to the optimal performance, and the micro element ratio will affect the quality of steel. Domestic manufacturers are basically fully imitating Japanese materials, but manufacturing processes cannot fully imitate, and there is a significant gap between the hit rate of trace elements, organizational distribution uniformity control technology. Therefore, it is only possible to constantly accumulate data, adjustment, and improvement processes. This is like “郸”, and it is also difficult to reach the level of Japanese materials.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

Director of Jiejiang. He is afraid that I don’t understand, remember these professional content, and write it down to send me, for letting me understand the complexity of technological innovation, it is impossible to break through.

But it is difficult to break through the can’t break through. Hard work pays off.

Qingshan Steel, Qingjo Group, in 2020, proposed the technical solution with tin lead and bismuth, and composite with sulfur and antimony, so that the material is super easy to cut. Through the extremely cost-effective matrix alloy design, the molybdenum content is reduced by 50% compared to the existing domestic and foreign products, it greatly reduces alloy costs than that of the existing domestic and foreign products is 50% basis, it is reduced by 50%. Through the entire industrial chain of pen tip, the batch industrial trial system has been carried out to produce 2.3mm and 1.6mm sizes. The tool life (one cutting amount) is significantly better than that of all domestic materials, and also significantly shortened the gap between imported materials in foreign countries. The ballpole pen writing has been stable ink, corrosion resistance and wear resistance, and the overall quality is in the country, close to international advanced.

Only long-term adherence to productive innovation, in the development of research and development, there is only the hope, breakthrough, innovative hope.

From material, technology to industry legend

The nail clamp and ballpoint pen are small, the pill is small, the chip is smaller. These finers can make us think of a small problem.

This article wrote from the nail clamp, and finally returned to the nail clamp.

Let’s take a look at Japan SuWada (诹 visiting production office) known as “指 里 里”, in 1926, in Japan, “Hardware City” Niigata County, the three-city city, starting to cut the wire in the pliers, 1950 Formally develop a nail clamp and make the nail clamps extreme.

How much is suwada? I saw the price on its official website, a gardening tweezers 3740 yen (including tax, the same, the latest exchange rate against the RMB is 0.061), equivalent to 228 yuan. A pet nail clamp 8360 yen, a nail clamp 16500 yen, plus a leather case 18480 yen, Nail beauty care 4 sets (nail clamp, tweezers, small scissors, nail files) plus input customer name 44550 yen. One of the cards should be 242 million to 38500 (depending on the handle material), a paper cutter should be 4180 yen, a shoe is 320 to 5170 yen, a business card clip to be 8800 to 13200 yen!

Click on the Chinese version of the SUWADA official website to directly jump to China’s e-commerce platform. A general nail clamp 780 yuan, infant special nail clamp 860 yuan, anti-skid adhesive finger clamp 1100 yuan, solid wood grip nail clamp 3990 yuan, etc.. I really can’t think of so expensive.

Suwada is so expensive, why there are many fans to be sought after? Because it makes tools into culture, its philosophy is “Creating beautiful tools, there must be beautiful and affectionate”, “Every product is the craftsman, imaginary and heartless crystallization,” a high quality life with soul It is an automated machinery that cannot be replaced. “

The information conveyed by SUWADA is: Senior Blade Stainless Steel is only 30% in refining, and the rest is removed; 1000 degrees high temperature, 400 tons of pressure tempering, to create an initial state; from the shape to the knife opening, 30 grinding processes Hundreds of crude sandpaper, each of which is completed by the craftsman; the most critical scandal blade is closed, and the craftsman gives icy steel with the soul, and it is slightly ground.

Not light, you can go, the factory is open, can appreciate all the processes across the glass, you can use PAD to see the parameters of each link.

Industrial products have problems with materials, technology, and processing, but behind the ultimate product is culture, it is a human, it is a story, it is a legend that is intertwined, simple and endless.

Construction of craftsmanship, things. One person is a life, a nail clamp. This is the biggest difference.

Lu Xianming is a highly managed company of a well-known stationery company, and is also a major researcher in the Subject of China’s scientific and technological support plan projects in the pen. When he talked about the Japanese pen enterprises and said: “When I took a break at noon, I saw the pen production line. A female worker was about 45 years old. She was very serious and carefully, and she took out the pen and washed out of the pen, and then pushed One test bench on the side made records, such a thick book, she remembered a number of quantities, the word is very small, I have a lot of this book, I have been remembering, I have to remember that there is no five years. Whether there is such a thick, indicating that their employees work carefully, including their working years in the company, work mentality …

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

The so-called craftsman’s spirit does take time to accumulate, experience to accumulate, there is a patient with a patient, concentration, a good job, this is our current worst place.

China’s economy and China have a brilliant achievement. I have been investigating, excavating, and spreading. Whenever I heard the creation of China, saying that “foreign moon is more circular” sound, it will not help. But this time, through the interview of nail clamp and pen tip, I calm some. Although China Manufacturing is the world’s first, but many product quality is universally, lack high value, not to say that it can become a legend.

从指甲钳和笔尖钢看中国与世界还差多远?|| 大视野

There are many companies in Japan, Germany, and the United States, successfully telling their product stories to the world. These stories have also sublimated the value of a country.

From the materials to the equipment, from the process to workers, from industrial products to valuable beauty, and product culture and lifestyle, we still have a small gap.

Extensive, rough, crude, but only because the rise of the amount is self-righteous, I can’t afford this country today, I feel that the country is not in the words, and the atmosphere is not only unable to truly improve your own level, but will also make the world I feel that we are not cute, our products are also difficult to get high-value “origin effects”.

Small and medium can be seen. We are willing to think with the readers and people of insight in various industries, and make progress together, and make progress together to shape China’s good products and the legend of China.

[“China’s Innovation Miles” initiative]

Teacher Qin has long studied the spirit of business civilization and entrepreneurs. The two doctoral papers focused on “research on the driving force of Chinese entrepreneurs” and “the company’s social value research”, and he insisted on micro-research, and sneaked in China’s innovation. Tao, in 2020, in Ningbo, Suzhou Industrial Park, Pudong, Shenzhen, Huzhou, South China Sea and other places have been deeply excavated. In 2021, the Qinshui Friendship has worked with Shanghai Zhangjiang Group, will strive to promote the spread of Zhang Jiangke’s creation and promote the spirit of the new entrepreneurial entrepreneurs in Zhangjiang.

At the same time, we also welcome innovation in large country, independent research and development, innovation, digital transformation, new consumption innovation, financial science and technology innovation, regional cluster economy and business environmental innovation, international exploration, innovation, social responsibility innovation, urban and rural integration Development innovation, there are real companies, governments, and organizations to contact us, summarize innovative practice, jointly promote China’s innovative and ecological construction, so that innovation is extensive, becoming a common social capital.

The Qin Dynasty friend will also open up “China’s Innovation Miles” column from March, and teamed up with social media platforms such as Himalaya, and new media, academic institutions, and research, seminars, forums, live broadcasts. To promote innovation in China and promote China’s innovation.

Cooperation Contact: Mailbox -Friends@chinamoments.org; WeChat – Edited Water Sister (Yingdaughter); Let’smon Address: No. 2, No. 799, Dani Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai.

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